About Iran

 

General Information

Formal Name: The Islamic Republic of Iran

Location: Middle East, bordering the Sea of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan Area

1.648 million sq km (slightly larger than Alaska)

Bordering Countries:  Afghanistan 936 km, Armenia 35 km, Azerbaijan-proper 432 km, Azerbaijan Naxcivan exclave 179 km, Iraq 1,458 km, Pakistan 909 km, Turkey 499 km, Turkmenistan 992 km, total 5,440 km

Coastline: 2,440 km along the Sea of Oman and the Persian Gulf; Iran also borders the Caspian Sea (740 km)

Climate: Mostly arid or semi-arid, subtropical along the Caspian Coast Terrain Rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts Natural Resources Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur

Capital: Tehran

Administrative Divisions: 28 Provinces

Major Cities: Tehran, Mashad, Isfahan, Tabriz, Shiraz

Population: 65,000,000 (July 1999 est.)

Ethnic Groups: Persian 51%, Azerbaijani 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baluch 2%, Turkic 1%, other 2%

Official Language: Farsi or Persian

Religions: Muslim 99%; Christians, Jews, Zoroastrians 1%

Economy: A mixture of central planning, state ownership of oil and large enterprises, village agriculture, and small-scale private trading and service ventures

Industries: Petroleum, petrochemicals, textiles, construction materials, food processing, metal fabricating, automobile manufactoring

Agricultural Products: Wheat, rice, sugar beets, fruits, pistachios, cotton, dairy products, wool; caviar

Exports: Petroleum, carpets, fruits, nuts, hides, steel

Currency: Rial

Exchange Rate: Approximately  www.bmi.ir  to one US Dollar



 
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